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"Being part of the aristocracy of Pomerol grands crus cannot be decreed. It is part of a logic and a history.
This is what Clos L’Eglise testifies to."
历史
从近代的历史说起,也就是在四分之三个世纪前的1925年。同为Trotanoy 的庄主和波美侯葡萄酒农业工会(Syndicat Viticole et Agricole de Pomerol) 主席的Savinien Giraud向了波尔多商会起草了一份波美侯( Pomerol)地区“grand crus”的分级。其中Clos L’Eglise就是“领先组别”的一员(其他还有l’Evangile, la Conseillante 和Vieux Château Certan)。这让我们可以回顾Clos L’Eglise光荣的历史,了解它在同僚以及其他商会成员中的地位。


在18世纪, 14公顷的Clos L’Eglise在波美侯是非常大的庄园,领先于那些曾经并至今仍然属于“波美侯中心”的酒庄。Clos L’Eglise的历史和“à Clinet”这个葡萄园紧密的联系在一起,这个名字既代表了一个地方也代表了其拥有者。

工程师Belleyme的葡萄园地图显示出,在1764,它拥有的葡萄园从la Conseillante 开始,到Petit-Village,一直到Trop Ennuie (Trotanoy) 和 Clinet。

随后,这个酒庄被命名为Clos L’Eglise,由于继承过程中的分割,酒庄被分为两部分,即原有的Clos L’Eglise(Rouchut家族),和Clos L’Eglise-Clinet(Mauléon家族)组成了百年不衰的Clos L’Eglise。

B. Henri-Enjalbert - Les Grands Bordeaux

1997年Garcin-Cathiard家族收购了这个酒庄。
风土
At the mere mention of its name, this garden-like terroir inspires grandeur.

Clos L’Eglise 位于波美侯高地断层处,这也是这个产区众多伟大的葡萄酒诞生的地方。大自然在这里发挥着极大的作用,只要气候适宜,便能产出杰作中的杰作。

在Clos L’Eglise,美乐和品丽珠在这5.9公顷的粘土及鹅卵石土壤之上茁壮生长。富含铁质的坡地土壤使这里的葡萄酒拥有了独一无二的特质。在这里一切都以温和的方式去处理,人与风土之间清晰地对话。这是大自然中的宝藏。

At the mere mention of its name, this garden-like terroir inspires grandeur.
 
葡萄酒
他有着难以置信的吸引力,举手之间就可以唤起愉悦感和绝对的诱惑力。当它展现出它的优雅,它的圆润饱满和它的丰腴,它都在向它稀有并且独一无二的原产地致敬。Clos l’Eglise是个慈善家,与它交会便能留下永恒温柔的记忆。
A.O.C. Pomerol
Clos l'Eglise 产量15,000 瓶
种植面积 5.89 公顷
土壤 粘土和鹅卵石
底层土壤 铁质结核
葡萄品种 80% 美乐 - 20% 品丽珠
种植理念 有机且可持续种植
收获 手工采摘
发酵罐 55,000 升不锈钢桶
橡木桶与陈酿 18-24个月80% - 100% 法国新橡木桶
 
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Bols Blue to Bordeaux: Clos l'Eglise

Many moons ago, around 1999 if I have my dates correct, I was invited to an impromptu lunch at the much-missed Hanover Bar & Grill, a rather dingy basement steakhouse that boasted decent Antipodean wines, a boisterous atmosphere and models from the Vogue head office opposite, picking at their salad. This was back in the day of long liquid lunches, when workers staggered back to their Mayfair offices and snoozed away the afternoon. A Bordeaux merchant introduced me to a young Hélène Garçin-Cathiard, then riding the crest of a wave after her 1998 Clos l’Église received a score that got her telephone ringing 24/7. Not wishing to tar all my friends in Bordeaux with the same brush, but she was different. She brimmed with joie-de-vivre, you felt that you could invite her out clubbing and she’d drink you under the table. She was a breath of fresh air and became one of the first Bordeaux proprietors I got to know well. Since then, she has hardly changed, indefatigable, feisty and funny with enough energy to solve the current fuel crisis, energy that she expends onto her properties, giving them a sense of momentum.

I visited her Saint-Émilion estate, Château Barde-Haut, last June, to conduct a comprehensive tasting of her properties together with her husband Patrice Lévêque. For this tasting we focused upon Barde-Haut, Clos l’Église and Poesia. Readers should note that their fourth property in Castillon, Château d’Arce, is well worth seeking out. Just to spice things up, the vintages were not revealed until after the tasting. 

“My first vintage was 1997,” Garçin-Lévêque tells me before broaching the first bottle. “I arrived in Bordeaux the previous year. Before that, I was at school and then I went to work in Canada. I was selling Bols Blue in clubs. I had a lot of fun. My family bought Clos l’Église at the end of 1996 and oversaw the élevage of that vintage, though we had to transfer the barrels to Haut-Bergey as we had to completely overhaul the cellar. So, the 1997 Clos l’Église was the first vintage that we made at the château.”

Hélène and Patrice Garçin-Lévêque. Notice the rare sight of a Bordeaux winemaker in work overalls instead of tailored suit.

I asked how she met her husband and became Garçin-Lévêque? Her better half is really a Burgundian at heart, one of the few winemakers you can guarantee will be upon his tractor whatever time you visit. Most Bordeaux proprietors would not know how to turn the tractor ignition on, let alone manoeuvre it through the vines for hours on end. Personality-wise they are yin and yang, her husband more laconic, a pensive winemaker who is constantly questioning his approach. Garçin-Lévêque answered my question in a typically candid fashion: “Patrice came to visit Château Haut-Bergey in 1996, and I told him ‘you need to take me out’ because his mother wanted to buy some land from us next to Chantegrive.”

Over the years, I have had many discussions with the couple about the use of consultants. In the past, they appointed Michel Rolland to assist from 1998 to 2001, Dr. Alain Reynaud until 2014 and then Thomas Duclos. But that has changed. “There are no consultants now, just Patrice,” she tells me. “It was very interesting to work with consultants, giving advice and informing what is going on around us, though they did not make final decisions. Now, we exchange ideas with many different people, but we have a clear vision of what we want to do at all our properties.

Clos l’Église lies directly opposite l’Eglise-Clinet in the heart of Pomerol. The two once comprised a single estate until its division, whereafter Clos l’Église was owned by the Rouchut family and Clos l’Église-Clinet the Mauléons before being renamed. Clos l’Église was owned by Patrice Ducher until its acquisition by Sylvaine Garçin-Cathiard, the sister of Daniel Cathiard of Smith-Haut-Lafitte, in 1997. The family already owned Haut-Bergey in Pessac-Léognan. The transaction for their Pomerol vineyard took place in January that year, and Sylvaine Garçin-Cathiard appointed her daughter to run the estate. The debut 1997 was not an easy one to start with, and to quote verbatim in my Pomerol tome: “We always take over a vineyard in a shitty vintage.”

“For me, Clos l’Église is a jewel.” Garçin-Lévêque tells me. “We are lucky to be where we are on deeper clay as some parts of Pomerol suffer during the heat. A lot has changed in recent years, though not so much in the vineyard, just replacing the Cabernet Franc with massale selection. But we plan to take out around 1.5 hectares of Merlot in the lower sector in 2022, so there will be less production. Our understanding of the terroir has changed in terms of the equilibrium of the vine. We work the soil better by not using any chemicals and ploughing. The cellar has completely changed. Five years ago we changed the tanks from wood to six 55-hectoliter double-skinned stainless steel tanks. We have a new system with automatic pumps on each tank [In fact, these have been installed and used in all their properties]. The vinification is very classic, and we try to be very gentle in terms of extraction.”

This was a fascinating vertical. I had not tasted the 1998 Clos l’Église for several years, the wine that really changed everything for this Pomerol estate. Now at 23 years old, my feeling is that it is not going to improve and arguably comes across just a little monochrome compared to more recent vintages. That said, it remains thoroughly enjoyable with plenty of sappy red fruit and density… it just has a bit too much gloss for my liking. Personally, I prefer the 2000 Clos l’Église, despite a little dryness beginning to creep in towards the finish; the 2001 is even better in tandem with many Pomerol wines. This would be my pick of the older vintages. The 2009 and 2010 Clos l’Église are both maturing very well, although they remain a couple of years away from their drinking plateaus. The wines over the last decade have performed consistently well, the 2016 and 2019 two particular highpoints. The tannins have become much finer in recent years, there is less weight yet more tension and focus.